Platycnemis pennipes

The White-legged Damselfly is an uncommon damselfly of southern England

The White-legged Damselfly, also known as Blue Featherleg, has distinctive broad, creamy-white legs with long hairs on the tibia giving a feathery appearance. Other characteristic features of this damselfly are the pale orange pterostigma – the coloured cells found towards the tips of each wing, and a combination of a broad black ante-humeral stripe on the top of the thorax and two finer stripes on the side of the thorax that join towards the head.

White-legged Damselflies are found locally along slow flowing muddy-bottomed rivers across southern England and often in association with Banded Demoiselles who share a preference for this habitat. Their flight season is typically between May and August.

Pre-mating courtship rituals are reported to be complex in this species. Females will use a bouncy, jerking flight to first attract males, who then will show their white legs in a fluttering display flight in front of females prior to mating.

Sympetrum sanguieum

The Ruddy Darter is a dragonfly of shallow ponds in south-east England

Female and immature Ruddy Darters are ochre while mature males are blood red in colour. They are similar to the Common Darter and are distinguished from the latter by having all black legs, the males a noticeably wasted abdomen, and the females and immatures have a characteristic t-shaped black mark on the thorax.

They have a long flight season, typically from mid-May until the first frosts of October or November. They prefer well vegetated ponds, and although most common in south-east England, their range is increasing northward in the UK.

Female Ruddy Darter, Earth Trust, June 2020
Male Ruddy Darter, Norfolk, July, 2018

Libellula quadrimaculata

The Four-spotted Chaser is an easily recognised, relatively common dragonfly of still waters

The Four-spotted Chaser takes its name from the dark spots on the nodes of each wing: a unique and distinctive patterning for a European dragonfly. In the UK it has a long flight season, from late April to mid September, but is most commonly found in early summer.

Unlike some other dragonflies, the males and females of Libellula quadrimaculata are similar in appearance. They are typically found at the edge of shallow ponds and lakes. They readily perch on bare twigs and the storks of plants repeatedly returning to the same perch, making them a great subject for photography.

Males will patrol the surface of ponds driving off rivals, and once they have successfully mated with a female will hover above her as she lays her eggs.